The Hope mission of the United Arab Emirates has successfully reached the orbit of Mars: it joins the select group of countries to do so
The first of three missions that Mars has successfully arrived these days. The United Arab Emirates has announced that its Hope probe has successfully reached the orbit of Mars. Quite an achievement for the Middle Eastern country, which thus manages to carry out successfully his first interplanetary mission. Hope will now devote himself to studying the atmosphere of Mars for a period of two years.
After 7 continuous years of hard work and persistence, as we achieve the dream with the UAE’s historic mission as the #HopeProbe completed its Mars orbit insertion. #ArabsToMars pic.twitter.com/Tod0UCk0Rh
– UAE Space Agency (@uaespaceagency) February 9, 2021
Aboard a Japanese H-IIA rocket, the Hope mission left Earth last July 2020 bound for Mars. Seven months later the journey has come to an end and Hope it is already orbiting Mars. It thus becomes the fifth country (or rather entity) to reach Mars after the United States, the Soviet Union, the European Space Agency and India.
The Martian atmosphere up close
Hope has now entered a new phase in which she is preparing to start and prepare all the instruments after the trip. It is kept in a temporary orbit for a few months while it performs all of these procedures. Once everything is up and running, Hope will descend to a scientific orbit in which you can better study the atmosphere that makes up Mars. This orbit change is expected to occur in May 2021.
It has been stipulated that Hope will have a one-year Martian mission orbiting the planet. This involves about 687 Earth days, during which Hope will circle Mars and collect as much data as possible. With complete orbits in about 55 hours, the spacecraft will closely measure atmospheric phenomena that occur across the planet.
For different factors, the atmosphere of Mars is very different from ours. This affects both the composition of the gases that form it and meteorological phenomena that can occur such as gigantic annual clouds. It will be Hope’s job to study all of this closely and send the data she collects back to Earth.
Hope It was the first but not the last mission to get to Mars this year. It is expected that in the next few hours Chinese mission Tianwen-1, which will also deploy a probe in the orbit of Mars and in turn a rover on the surface. A few days later, on February 18, the arrival of Perseverance to Mars, the NASA rover, is expected.
Via | Engadget
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