The US wants to lead nuclear fusion, and to achieve this it plans to have a pilot plant prepared between 2035 and 2040
It sounds too optimistic. And daring. Have a pilot plant capable of producing electricity through nuclear fusion ready between 2035 and 2040 It seems excessively risky when we bear in mind the challenges that must be solved, especially in the field of materials engineering. Precisely IFMIF-DONES It is the international project that aspires to solve a good part of these challenges.
The itinerary proposed by the consortium of countries led by the European Union to demonstrate commercial viability of nuclear fusion states that the DEMO experiment will be ready in the early 1950s and will end in 2060. From that moment, if everything goes as planned, the commercial exploitation of this technology would begin.
The US National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine has published a report proposing to have a pilot nuclear fusion plant ready between 2035 and 2040
The construction of the reactor experimental nuclear fusion ITER In the French town of Cadarache, it is being led by the European Union, but six other scientific powers are also involved in this ambitious project: Russia, Japan, China, India, South Korea and the United States. Each of these partners contributes to the economic and technological sustainability of the project. The interesting thing is that some of them are making their participation in ITER compatible with your own projects development of nuclear fusion.
The United States Department of Energy (DoE) is the institution in this country that is promoting the development of this technology itself, and, surprisingly, just a few days ago the largest scientific institution in this nation, the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM), has published a detailed report in which he urges the DoE to obtain the necessary resources to develop a pilot nuclear fusion plant in a very few years.
Objective: have a pilot plant between 2035 and 2040
The United States wants to lead the technological development of nuclear fusion. Richard Hawryluk, deputy director of the Princeton University Plasma Physics Laboratory and chairman of the NASEM committee that published the report, strongly defends the leadership for which your country must fight:
“The United States has been a pioneer in nuclear fusion research since the inception of this technology, and now it has the opportunity to bring it to market.”
The report in which Hawryluk has participated and signed by NASEM goes even further because it puts on the table very clearly the ambition that the American scientific community has in this area:
“For the United States to lead nuclear fusion technology and drive the 2050 transition to a low-carbon electric power generation system, the Department of Energy and the private sector must develop a cost-effective pilot plant from a energy view between 2035 and 2040.
[…] If the United States overcomes these challenges and provides the necessary resources to build a pilot nuclear fusion plant, it has the opportunity to achieve a position of world leadership in the transition to a low-carbon energy model.
If NASEM’s proposal is finally supported financially and technicians are able to overcome the challenges of setting up a successful nuclear fusion pilot plant before the 1940s, the United States would be ahead of the international DEMO project. It is a very ambitious plan, and the dates it proposes seem very difficult to meet, but what is really important it is not who will arrive first to the goal.
The crucial thing is that we have a global energy model as soon as possible that allows us to drastically reduce carbon dioxide emissions. And there is no doubt that The renewable energies, and possibly also nuclear fusion if it finally comes to fruition, play the leading role in this role.
Via | World Nuclear News