Journalism and tyranny
This has been a terrible year for journalism in the world. Jail and murder have been lavished on those who are dedicated to informing their fellow citizens. According to him Committee to Protect Journalism (CPJ), an independent organization based in New York and founded in 1981, 293 journalists have been imprisoned worldwide, 13 more than in 2020, 19 were killed and five more died in conflict zones or under suspicious circumstances. Maria Ressa, a Philippine journalist, and Eugeni Muratov, a Russian journalist and director of Novaya Gazeta, dedicated their speeches at the reception of the Nobel Peace Prize, on December 10, to the murdered journalists and those who suffer persecution, and remembered among many others the murders of the Russian Anna Politkovskaya, the Saudi Jamal Khashoggi and the Maltese Daphne Caruana Galizia and the recent imprisonment of the Hong Kong press businessman Jimmy Lai.
There are 24 journalists killed in the exercise of their profession in 2021 in the world, of which 19 have been directly assassinated. Mexico holds the unfortunate record, with nine journalists killed.
Ressa and Muratov, awarded for their defense of freedom of expression and their denunciations of abuses of power in the Philippines and in Russia respectively, represent, according to the Nobel committee, “all journalists who defend these ideals in a world in which democracy and freedom of the press face increasingly adverse conditions ”and in which“ free, independent and fact-based journalism serves to protect against abuse of power, lies and war propaganda ”. Without verified facts there is no truth and without truth there is no trust, there is no shared reality, nor the possibility of democracy.